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Design and control optimisation of adaptive insulation systems for office buildings. Part 2: A parametric study for a temperate climate

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Jin, Q 
Favoino, F 


This paper is the second of a two part study, which aims to evaluate the performance of adaptive insulation. Part 1 proposes a simulation framework for optimising adaptive insulation design and control parameters, it describes its implementation, and validates the simulation strategy qualitatively. This second paper applies the simulation framework, by means of a parametric study on a specific building typology in a particular climatic region, to explore the potential of adaptive insulation in this context. Alternative adaptive insulation configurations and control strategies for opaque wall applications are evaluated, for an office room in a temperate climate of Shanghai, in order to optimise two design objectives: total primary energy saving and thermal comfort. It is found that adaptive insulation, when properly designed and controlled, has significant potential to improve both design objectives simultaneously. For the case study considered in this paper, yearly energy savings and thermal comfort improvements of up to 50% could be achieved by adaptive insulation compared to an equivalent astatic insulation alternative. The performance improvements of the adaptive insulation depend on the design choices (thermal mass, position of the adaptive insulation, switching range of insulation) and control strategy adopted.



adaptive insulation, building performance simulation, parametric study, multi-objective design, temperate climate

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EPSRC (1260556)
The Chinese author would like to acknowledge the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51408427). The British authors would like to acknowledge support from EPSRC Doctorial Training Grant (EP/503009/1) and project RG70518, funded by Wintech ltd. The authors would like to thank EU Cost Action TU1403 "Adaptive Facades Network" for providing excellent research networking.