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Inner-View of Nanomaterial Incited Protein Conformational Changes: Insights into Designable Interaction.

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Mukhopadhyay, Arka 
Basu, Sankar 
Singha, Santiswarup 
Patra, Hirak K 


Nanoparticle bioreactivity critically depends upon interaction between proteins and nanomaterials (NM). The formation of the "protein corona" (PC) is the effect of such nanoprotein interactions. PC has a wide usage in pharmaceuticals, drug delivery, medicine, and industrial biotechnology. Therefore, a detailed in-vitro, in-vivo, and in-silico understanding of nanoprotein interaction is fundamental and has a genuine contemporary appeal. NM surfaces can modify the protein conformation during interaction, or NMs themselves can lead to self-aggregations. Both phenomena can change the whole downstream bioreactivity of the concerned nanosystem. The main aim of this review is to understand the mechanistic view of NM-protein interaction and recapitulate the underlying physical chemistry behind the formation of such complicated macromolecular assemblies, to provide a critical overview of the different models describing NM induced structural and functional modification of proteins. The review also attempts to point out the current limitation in understanding the field and highlights the future scopes, involving a plausible proposition of how artificial intelligence could be aided to explore such systems for the prediction and directed design of the desired NM-protein interactions.



3206 Medical Biotechnology, 32 Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Bioengineering, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Generic health relevance

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Research (Wash D C)

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American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (706694)