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Neddylation promotes ubiquitylation and release of Ku from DNA-damage sites.



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Brown, Jessica S 
Lukashchuk, Natalia 
Sczaniecka-Clift, Matylda 
Britton, Sébastien 
le Sage, Carlos 


The activities of many DNA-repair proteins are controlled through reversible covalent modification by ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like molecules. Nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) is the predominant DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway in mammalian cells and is initiated by DSB ends being recognized by the Ku70/Ku80 (Ku) heterodimer. By using MLN4924, an anti-cancer drug in clinical trials that specifically inhibits conjugation of the ubiquitin-like protein, NEDD8, to target proteins, we demonstrate that NEDD8 accumulation at DNA-damage sites is a highly dynamic process. In addition, we show that depleting cells of the NEDD8 E2-conjugating enzyme, UBE2M, yields ionizing radiation hypersensitivity and reduced cell survival following NHEJ. Finally, we demonstrate that neddylation promotes Ku ubiquitylation after DNA damage and release of Ku and Ku-associated proteins from damage sites following repair. These studies provide insights into how the NHEJ core complex dissociates from repair sites and highlight its importance for cell survival following DSB induction.



Antigens, Nuclear, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Cyclopentanes, DNA Damage, DNA End-Joining Repair, DNA-Binding Proteins, Histones, Humans, Ku Autoantigen, NEDD8 Protein, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Proteomics, Pyrimidines, RNA Interference, RNA, Small Interfering, Radiation, Ionizing, Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes, Ubiquitination, Ubiquitins

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Cancer Research Uk (None)
Wellcome Trust (092096/Z/10/Z)
Cancer Research Uk (None)
We thank Thimo Kurz (University of Dundee, UK) for providing MLN4924 and Kate Dry, Rimma Berlotserkovskaya (S.P.J.’s laboratory), and Eric Lightcap (Takeda Pharmaceuticals) for critical reading of the manuscript. We thank Sylvie Urbe and Michael Clague (University of Liverpool, UK) for providing the GFP-CSN5 plasmid, the Division of Signal Transduction Therapy (University of Dundee, UK) for providing UBE2M and UBE2F plasmids, Matthew Petroski (Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, US) for providing FLAG-UBA3 wild-type (WT) and FLAG-UBA3-A171T constructs, and Nico Dantuma (Karolinska Institute, Sweden) and Changshun Shao (Rutgers University) for providing CUL4A and CUL4B plasmids, respectively. We also thank Nicola Lawrence, Alex Sossick, and Richard Butler (Gurdon Institute, Cambridge, UK) for help with microscopy, Volocity, and Fiji. Research in the S.P.J.’s laboratory is funded by Cancer Research UK programme grant C6/A11224, the European Research Council, and the European Community Seventh Framework Programme grant agreement no. HEALTH-F2-2010-259893 (DDResponse). Core funding is provided by CRUK (C6946/A14492) and the Wellcome Trust (WT092096). S.P.J. receives his salary from the University of Cambridge, UK, supplemented by CRUK. N.L. is funded by CRUK programme grant C6/A11224, J.S.B. is funded by a Wellcome Trust Clinical Fellowship (WT083416), and Y.G. and M.S.-C. are funded by European Research Council grant DDREAM. S.B. was funded by an EMBO long-term fellowship ALTF 93-2010, Cancer Research UK, and a post-doctoral grant from Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer. P.B. is supported by the Emmy Noether Programme of the German Research Foundation (DFG, BE 5342/1-1).