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Gregory-Laflamme encounters Superradiance

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Dias, ÓJC 
Murata, K 
Santos, JE 
Way, B 


jats:titleAjats:scbstract</jats:sc> </jats:title>jats:pWe investigate the effect of superradiant scattering of gravitational perturbations on the stability of rotating black strings, focusing on the six dimensional equal-spinning Myers-Perry black string. We find that rapidly rotating black strings are unstable to gravitational superradiant modes within a bounded range of string lengths. The instability occurs because momentum along the string direction creates a potential barrier that allows for the confinement of superradiant modes. Yet, five dimensional Myers-Perry black holes do not have stable particle orbits so, unlike other known superradiant systems, these black strings remain stable to perturbations with sufficiently high azimuthal mode number — this is a ‘finite-jats:italicm</jats:italic>’ superradiant instability. For some parameters, this instability competes with the Gregory-Laflamme instability, but otherwise exists independently. The onset of this instability is degenerate and branches to multiple steady-state solutions. This paper is the first of a trilogy: in the next two, we construct two distinct families of rotating strings emerging from the superradiant onset (the ‘black resonator strings’ and ‘helical black strings’). We argue that similar physics is present in 5-dimensional Kerr black strings, but not in jats:italicD ></jats:italic> 6 equal-spinning Myers-Perry black strings.</jats:p>



Black Holes, Classical Theories of Gravity

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Journal of High Energy Physics

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC