Repository logo
 

Clinical symptoms in mild cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies: Frequency, time of onset, and discriminant ability.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Change log

Authors

Hamilton, Calum 
Durcan, Rory 
Lawley, Sarah 
Barker, Sally 

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies (MCI-LB) is associated with a range of cognitive, motor, neuropsychiatric, sleep, autonomic, and visual symptoms. We investigated the cumulative frequency of symptoms in a longitudinal cohort of MCI-LB compared with MCI due to Alzheimer disease (MCI-AD) and analysed the ability of a previously described 10-point symptom scale to differentiate MCI-LB and MCI-AD, in an independent cohort. METHODS: Participants with probable MCI-LB (n = 70), MCI-AD (n = 51), and controls (n = 34) had a detailed clinical assessment and annual follow-up (mean duration = 1.7 years). The presence of a range of symptoms was ascertained using a modified version of the Lewy Body Disease Association Comprehensive LBD Symptom Checklist at baseline assessment and then annually. RESULTS: MCI-LB participants experienced a greater mean number of symptoms (24.2, SD = 7.6) compared with MCI-AD (11.3, SD = 7.4) and controls (4.2, SD = 3.1; p < 0.001 for all comparisons). A range of cognitive, parkinsonian, neuropsychiatric, sleep, and autonomic symptoms were significantly more common in MCI-LB than MCI-AD, although when present, the time of onset was similar between the two groups. A previously defined 10-point symptom scale demonstrated very good discrimination between MCI-LB and MCI-AD (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.91, 95% confidence interval = 0.84-0.98), replicating our previous finding in a new cohort. CONCLUSIONS: MCI-LB is associated with the frequent presence of a particular profile of symptoms compared to MCI-AD. Clinicians should look for evidence of these symptoms in MCI and be aware of the potential for treatment. The presence of these symptoms may help to discriminate MCI-LB from MCI-AD.

Description

Funder: Alzheimer's Research UK; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002283


Funder: GE Healthcare; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100006775


Funder: Medical Research Council; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000265


Funder: National Institute for Health Research Applied Research Collaboration South West Peninsula; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100019219


Funder: NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100018956


Funder: NIHR Newcastle Biomedical Research Centre; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100012295

Keywords

Alzheimer disease, dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, diagnosis, mild cognitive impairment, Humans, Lewy Bodies, Lewy Body Disease, Alzheimer Disease, Cognitive Dysfunction, ROC Curve

Journal Title

Eur J Neurol

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1351-5101
1468-1331

Volume Title

Publisher

Wiley