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Mobility of an axisymmetric particle near an elastic interface

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Daddi-Moussa-Ider, A 
Gekle, S 


Using a fully analytical theory, we compute the leading-order corrections to the translational, rotational and translation–rotation coupling mobilities of an arbitrary axisymmetric particle immersed in a Newtonian fluid moving near an elastic cell membrane that exhibits resistance towards stretching and bending. The frequency-dependent mobility corrections are expressed as general relations involving separately the particle’s shape-dependent bulk mobility and the shape-independent parameters such as the membrane–particle distance, the particle orientation and the characteristic frequencies associated with shearing and bending of the membrane. This makes the equations applicable to an arbitrary-shaped axisymmetric particle provided that its bulk mobilities are known, either analytically or numerically. For a spheroidal particle, these general relations reduce to simple expressions in terms of the particle’s eccentricity. We find that the corrections to the translation–rotation coupling mobility are primarily determined by bending, whereas shearing manifests itself in a more pronounced way in the rotational mobility. We demonstrate the validity of the analytical approximations by a detailed comparison with boundary integral simulations of a truly extended spheroidal particle. They are found to be in a good agreement over the whole range of applied frequencies.



biological fluid dynamics, blood flow, capsule/cell dynamics, membranes

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics

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Cambridge University Press
A.D.-M.-I. and S.G. thank the Volkswagen Foundation for financial support and acknowledge the Gauss Center for Supercomputing e.V. for providing computing time on the GCS Supercomputer SuperMUC at Leibniz Supercomputing Center. This work has been supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland via the Mobility Plus Fellowship awarded to M.L. This article is based upon work from COST Action MP1305, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).