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Reappraisal capacity is unrelated to depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

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Article

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Authors

Andrews, Jack L 
Dalgleish, Tim 
Stretton, Jason 
Rogan-Schweizer, Susanne  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6153-8291

Abstract

Research suggests affective symptoms are associated with reduced habitual use of reappraisal as an emotion regulation strategy in individuals with mental health problems. Less is known, however, about whether mental health problems are related to reduced reappraisal capacity per se. The current study investigates this question using a film-based emotion regulation task that required participants to use reappraisal to downregulate their emotional response to highly evocative real-life film footage. We pooled data (N = 512, age: 18-89 years, 54% female) from 6 independent studies using this task. In contrast to our predictions, symptoms of depression and anxiety were unrelated to self-reported negative affect after reappraisal or to emotional reactivity to negative films. Implications for the measurement of reappraisal as well as future directions for research in the field of emotion regulation are discussed.

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Keywords

Humans, Female, Adolescent, Young Adult, Adult, Middle Aged, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Male, Emotions, Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders, Affective Symptoms, Emotional Regulation

Journal Title

Sci Rep

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2045-2322
2045-2322

Volume Title

Publisher

Nature Portfolio
Sponsorship
Wellcome Trust (209127/A/17/Z)
National Health and Medical Research Council (1184136)
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