Repository logo

Cerebral vasospasm affects arterial critical closing pressure.

Change log


Varsos, Georgios V 
Budohoski, Karol P 
Kolias, Angelos G 
Nasr, Nathalie 


The effect of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on critical closing pressure (CrCP) has not been fully delineated. Using cerebral impedance methodology, we sought to assess the behavior of CrCP during CVS. As CrCP expresses the sum of intracranial pressure (ICP) and vascular wall tension, we also explored its role in reflecting changes in vascular tone occurring in small vessels distal to spasm. This retrospective analysis was performed using recordings from 52 patients, diagnosed with CVS through transcranial Doppler measurements. Critical closing pressure was calculated noninvasively using arterial blood pressure and blood flow velocity. Outcome was assessed at both discharge and 3 months after ictus with the Glasgow Outcome Scale. The onset of CVS caused significant decreases in CrCP (P=0.025), without any observed significant changes in ICP (P=0.134). Vasospasm induced asymmetry, with CrCP ipsilateral to CVS becoming significantly lower than contralateral (P=0.025). Unfavorable outcomes were associated with a significantly lower CrCP after the onset of CVS (discharge: P=0.014; 3 months after SAH: P=0.020). Critical closing pressure is reduced in the presence of CVS in both temporal and spatial assessments. As ICP remained unchanged during CVS, reduced CrCP most probably reflects a lower wall tension in dilated small vessels distal to spasm.



Adult, Blood Pressure, Humans, Intracranial Aneurysm, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Retrospective Studies, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Time Factors, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial, Vasospasm, Intracranial

Journal Title

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title



Nature Publishing Group
TCC (None)
Medical Research Council (G0601025)
Medical Research Council (G0600986)
Medical Research Council (G9439390)
Medical Research Council (G0001237)
Medical Research Council (G0600986/1)
GVV is supported by an A.G. Leventis Foundation Scholarship, and a Charter Studentship from St Edmund’s College, Cambridge. AGK is supported by a Royal College of Surgeons of England Research Fellowship, a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Academic Clinical Fellowship, and a Raymond and Beverly Sackler Studentship. JD is supported by a Woolf Fisher Trust scholarship. PJH is supported by an NIHR Research Professorship, the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre and has been appointed as the Surgical Specialty Lead for Neurosurgery, Royal College of Surgeons of England Clinical Research Initiative. JDP and MC are supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre and JDP by NIHR Senior Investigator Award. The prospective study16 on which this retrospective analysis was based, was supported by the National Institute of Health Research, Biomedical Research Centre (Neuroscience Theme). MC was supported by NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre.