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Middle Iron Age Settlement and Ceramics at Highfields Caldecote, Cambridgeshire

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Peer-reviewed

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Article

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Authors

Brudenell, Matthew 
Blackbourn, Kathryn 

Abstract

Excavations at Highfields, Caldecote, revealed an area of (initially unenclosed) Middle Iron Age settlement characterised by the remains of roundhouses and enclosure/boundary ditches, associated with which was a substantial pottery assemblage. Underpinned by a series of radiocarbon dates, the results make an important contribution to current understanding of the chronology of settlement and land-use on the claylands of Western Cambridgeshire during the Middle Iron Age, and the development of regional pottery traditions. Analysis of pollen and animal bone suggests that this was a cleared landscape dominated by grassland and pasture, with an economic focus on domestic stock, especially cattle and sheep/goat. Sustained occupation of the site appears to have ended at some point in the later part of the Middle Iron Age, when settlement may have shifted to the previously-investigated banjo enclosure located some 500m to the south.

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Journal Title

Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society

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Journal ISSN

0309-3606

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Publisher

Cambridge Antiquarian Society

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RPS Consulting