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Evaluating Polygenic Risk Scores for Breast Cancer in Women of African Ancestry.

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Du, Zhaohui 
Gao, Guimin 
Adedokun, Babatunde 

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) have been demonstrated to identify women of European, Asian, and Latino ancestry at elevated risk of developing breast cancer (BC). We evaluated the performance of existing PRSs trained in European ancestry populations among women of African ancestry. METHODS: We assembled genotype data for women of African ancestry, including 9241 case subjects and 10 193 control subjects. We evaluated associations of 179- and 313-variant PRSs with overall and subtype-specific BC risk. PRS discriminatory accuracy was assessed using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. We also evaluated a recalibrated PRS, replacing the index variant with variants in each region that better captured risk in women of African ancestry and estimated lifetime absolute risk of BC in African Americans by PRS category. RESULTS: For overall BC, the odds ratio per SD of the 313-variant PRS (PRS313) was 1.27 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.23 to 1.31), with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.571 (95% CI = 0.562 to 0.579). Compared with women with average risk (40th-60th PRS percentile), women in the top decile of PRS313 had a 1.54-fold increased risk (95% CI = 1.38-fold to 1.72-fold). By age 85 years, the absolute risk of overall BC was 19.6% for African American women in the top 1% of PRS313 and 6.7% for those in the lowest 1%. The recalibrated PRS did not improve BC risk prediction. CONCLUSION: The PRSs stratify BC risk in women of African ancestry, with attenuated performance compared with that reported in European, Asian, and Latina populations. Future work is needed to improve BC risk stratification for women of African ancestry.

Description

Keywords

Aged, 80 and over, Asian People, Black People, Breast Neoplasms, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Risk Factors

Journal Title

J Natl Cancer Inst

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0027-8874
1460-2105

Volume Title

113

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

Rights

All rights reserved
Sponsorship
Cancer Research UK (16565)
European Commission (223175)
National Cancer Institute (U19CA148065)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Societal Challenges (634935)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Societal Challenges (633784)
Cancer Research UK (A16563)
Cancer Research UK (A10118)