Repository logo
 

Modelling the end of the Acheulean at global and continental levels suggests widespread persistence into the Middle Palaeolithic

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Jarić, I 
Roberts, DL 

Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pThe Acheulean is the longest cultural tradition ever practised by humans, lasting for over 1.5 million years. Yet, its end has never been accurately dated; only broad 300–150 thousand years ago (Kya) estimates exist. Here we use optimal linear estimation modelling to infer the extinction dates of the Acheulean at global and continental levels. In Africa and the Near East the Acheulean is demonstrated to end between 174 and 166 Kya. In Europe it is inferred to end between 141 and 130 Kya. The Acheulean’s extinction in Asia occurs later (57–53 Kya), while global models vary depending on how archaeological sites are selected (107–29 Kya). These models demonstrate the Acheulean to have remained a distinct cultural tradition long after the inception of Middle Palaeolithic technologies in multiple continental regions. The complexity of this scenario mirrors the increasingly dynamic nature of the Middle Pleistocene hominin fossil record, suggesting contemporaneous hominin populations to have practised distinct stone-tool traditions.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

37 Earth Sciences, 43 History, Heritage and Archaeology, 44 Human Society, 4301 Archaeology, 4401 Anthropology, 3705 Geology

Journal Title

Humanities and Social Sciences Communications

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2662-9992
2662-9992

Volume Title

8

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC