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Normobaric hyperoxia does not improve derangements in diffusion tensor imaging found distant from visible contusions following acute traumatic brain injury

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Veenith, TV 
Carter, EL 
Grossac, J 
Newcombe, VFJ 
Outtrim, JG 


We have previously shown that normobaric hyperoxia may benefit peri-lesional brain and white matter following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study examined the impact of brief exposure to hyperoxia using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to identify axonal injury distant from contusions. Fourteen patients with acute moderate/severe TBI underwent baseline DTI and following one hour of 80% oxygen. Thirty-two controls underwent DTI, with 6 undergoing imaging following graded exposure to oxygen. Visible lesions were excluded and data compared with controls. We used the 99% prediction interval (PI) for zero change from historical control reproducibility measurements to demonstrate significant change following hyperoxia. Following hyperoxia DTI was unchanged in controls. In patients following hyperoxia, mean diffusivity (MD) was unchanged despite baseline values lower than controls (p < 0.05), and fractional anisotropy (FA) was lower within the left uncinate fasciculus, right caudate and occipital regions (p < 0.05). 16% of white and 14% of mixed cortical and grey matter patient regions showed FA decreases greater than the 99% PI for zero change. The mechanistic basis for some findings are unclear, but suggest that a short period of normobaric hyperoxia is not beneficial in this context. Confirmation following a longer period of hyperoxia is required.



Adult, Aged, Brain Contusion, Brain Injuries, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oxygen Inhalation Therapy, Reproducibility of Results

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Scientific Reports

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Nature Publishing Group
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (unknown)
Medical Research Council (G9439390)
Wellcome Trust (093267/Z/10/Z)
Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI) (via National Institute for Academic Anaesthesia (NIAA)) (WKRO-2010-0088)
Medical Research Council (G0001237)
Medical Research Council (G0600986)
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_00005/14)
Medical Research Council (G0600986/1)
Dr. Veenith was supported by clinical research training fellowship from National institute of Academic Anaesthesia and Raymond Beverly Sackler studentship. VFJN is supported by a Health Foundation/Academy of Medical Sciences Clinician Scientist Fellowship. JPC was supported by Wellcome trust project grant. DKM is supported by an NIHR Senior Investigator Award. This work was supported by a Wellcome Trust Project Grant (WT093267) and Medical Research Council (UK) Program Grant (Acute brain injury: heterogeneity of mechanisms, therapeutic targets and outcome effects (G9439390 ID 65883)), the UK National Institute of Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at Cambridge, and the Technology Platform funding provided by the UK Department of Health. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analyses, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.