IV Estimation of Panels with Factor Residuals

Working Paper
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Robertson, Donald 
Sara dis, Vasilis 

This paper proposes a new instrumental variables approach for consistent and asymptotically effi cient estimation of panel data models with weakly exogenous or endogenous regressors and residuals generated by a multifactor error structure. In this case, the standard dynamic panel estimators fail to provide consistent estimates of the parameters. The novelty of our approach is that we introduce new parameters to represent the unobserved covariances between the instruments and the factor component of the residual; these parameters are estimable when N is large. Some important estimation and identi cation issues are studied in detail. The fi nite sample performance of the proposed estimators is investigated using simulated data. The results show that the method produces reliable estimates of the parameters over several parametrisations.

Generalised Method of Moments, Dynamic Panel Data, Factor Residuals.
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