Addition of Ge to Cr–Ta–Si laves phase-based alloys
The Cr-Cr2Ta system is of interest as a potential candidate for structural applications at temperatures that exceed those that can be tolerated by nickel-based superalloys. However, the oxidation resistance of alloys based on this system is currently insufficient. Previous work on the Cr-Cr3Si system suggests that Ge additions may also improve the oxidation resistance of alloys based on the Cr-Cr2Ta system. To ascertain whether such additions may be appropriate, the effect of Ge additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a Cr-10Ta-7Si alloy was investigated. The Laves phase in this system was unexpectedly found to decompose into a lamellar structure comprising a Cr solid solution and a cubic phase with an Fd-3m structure. The addition of Ge promotes this decomposition, as well as the formation of the A15 Cr3(Si,Ge) phase, at the expense of the Cr solid solution. The formation of the A15 phase increases the hardness of the alloy but has a detrimental effect on its ductility.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/S019367/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/R00661X/1)