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Structural diversity and hydrogen storage properties in the system K-Si-H.

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Liang, Tianxiao 
Feng, Xiaolei 
Song, Hao 


KSiH3 exhibits 4.1 wt% experimental hydrogen storage capacity and shows reversibility under moderate conditions, which provides fresh impetus to the search for other complex hydrides in the K-Si-H system. Here, we reproduce the stable Fm3̄m phase of K2SiH6 and uncover two denser phases, space groups P3̄m1 and P63mc at ambient pressure, by means of first-principles structure searches. We note that P3̄m1-K2SiH6 has a high hydrogen content of 5.4 wt% and a volumetric density of 88.3 g L-1. Further calculations suggest a favorable dehydrogenation temperature Tdes of -20.1/55.8 °C with decomposition into KSi + K + H2. The higher hydrogen density and appropriate dehydrogenation temperature indicate that K2SiH6 is a promising hydrogen storage material, and our results provide helpful and clear guidance for further experimental studies. We found three further potential hydrogen storage materials stable at high pressure: K2SiH8, KSiH7 and KSiH8. These results suggest the need for further investigations into hydrogen storage materials among such ternary hydrides at high pressure.



40 Engineering, 34 Chemical Sciences, 3406 Physical Chemistry, 7 Affordable and Clean Energy

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Phys Chem Chem Phys

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Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Royal Society (WM150023)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P022596/1)