DNA Nanostructures for Targeted Antimicrobial Delivery.
We report the use of DNA origami nanostructures, functionalized with aptamers, as a vehicle for delivering the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme in a specific and efficient manner. We test the system against Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) targets. We use direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to characterize the DNA origami nanostructures and structured illumination microscopy (SIM) to assess the binding of the origami to the bacteria. We show that treatment with lysozyme-functionalized origami slows bacterial growth more effectively than treatment with free lysozyme. Our study introduces DNA origami as a tool in the fight against antibiotic resistance, and our results demonstrate the specificity and efficiency of the nanostructure as a drug delivery vehicle.
Wellcome Trust (203249/Z/16/Z)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/H018301/1)
Wellcome Trust (089703/Z/09/Z)
Medical Research Council (MR/K015850/1)
Medical Research Council (MR/K02292X/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L015889/1)