Composition and affinities of glass from the Ma'agan Mikhael B shipwreck, Israel

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Natan, E 
Gorin-Rosen, Y 
Freestone, IC 

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pMaterial recovered from the Ma'agan Mikhael B shipwreck, off the coast of northern Israel, includes a significant assemblage of glass, which appears to represent waste workshop material (cullet) collected for recycling. Twenty‐three samples were selected for analysis for major and minor elements using SEM‐EDS, to provide insight into the activities and dating of the ship. The glass corresponds to known primary glass types, comprising a high‐ and a low‐lime subgroup of Levantine 1 (Apollonia type), and Egypt 1b. The assemblage is likely to date to the early part of the eighth century CE and, in conjunction with the radiocarbon dating of the ship, gives a possible date range for the wreck of 710–740 C.E. All groups contain glass‐working waste, glass chunks, and vessel fragments, and the majority are likely to have been collected from one or more workshops. It is unclear whether this cargo represents the byproducts of several campaigns of a single workshop which used different consignments of raw glass, or material from different workshops, collected at different ports of call.</jats:p>


Publication status: Published

Funder: Honor Frost Foundation; doi:

Funder: Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA)

Funder: University of Haifa; doi:

4301 Archaeology, 43 History, Heritage and Archaeology, 12 Responsible Consumption and Production
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Israel Science Foundation (1891/16)
Texas A&M University (039)