Working in cases: British psychiatric social workers and a history of psychoanalysis from the middle, c.1930–60


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Abstract

jats:pHistories of psychoanalysis largely respect the boundaries drawn by the psychoanalytic profession, suggesting that the development of psychoanalytic theories and techniques has been the exclusive remit of professionally trained analysts. In this article, I offer an historical example that poses a challenge to this orthodoxy. Based on extensive archival material, I show how British psychiatric social workers, a little-studied group of specialist mental hygiene workers, advanced key organisational, observational, and theoretical insights that shaped mid-century British psychoanalysis. In their daily work compiling patient histories, conducting home visits, and interviewing the parents of ‘maladjusted’ children, psychiatric social workers were uniquely positioned to expose the importance of family relationships in the development of childhood neuroses. As this article details, their analytic attention to these dynamics not only influenced, but fundamentally constituted the innovative research on maternal-child relationships and family therapy pioneered by eminent psychoanalyst John Bowlby. In addition, psychiatric social workers produced and published independent psychoanalytic research, and fiercely debated the limitations of analytic concepts such as transference. In presenting the relationship between British psychiatric social work and psychoanalysis, this article suggests a new way of telling the history of both.</jats:p>

Description

Funder: Gates Cambridge Trust; FundRef: https://doi.org/10.13039/501100005370

Keywords
4409 Social Work, 44 Human Society, Pediatric, Behavioral and Social Science, Brain Disorders, Mental Health, Mental health, 3 Good Health and Well Being
Journal Title
History of the Human Sciences
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
0952-6951
1461-720X
Volume Title
34
Publisher
SAGE Publications