Ontology-based e-assessment for accounting: Outcomes of a pilot study and future prospects

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Litherland, K 
Carmichael, P 
Martinez Garcia, Agustina  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1440-5829

This article reports on a pilot of a novel ontology-based e-assessment system in accounting that draws on the potential of emerging semantic technologies to produce an online assessment environment capable of marking students' free-text answers to questions of a conceptual nature. It does this by matching their response with a "concept map" or "ontology" of domain knowledge expressed by subject specialists. The system used, OeLe, allows not only for marking, but also for feedback to individual students and teachers about student strengths and weaknesses, as well as to whole cohorts, thus providing both a formative and a summative assessment function. This article reports on the results of a "proof of concept" trial of OeLe, in which the system was implemented and evaluated outside its original development environment (an online course in education being used instead in an undergraduate course in financial accounting. It describes the potential affordances and demands of implementing ontology-based assessment in accounting, together with suggestions of what needs to be done if such approaches are to be more widely implemented. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

3501 Accounting, Auditing and Accountability, 35 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services, 4 Quality Education
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Journal of Accounting Education
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Elsevier BV
ESRC (via Liverpool John Moores University) (R224021)