Dual RNA processing roles of Pat1b via cytoplasmic Lsm1-7 and nuclear Lsm2-8 complexes

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Vindry, C 
Marnef, A 
Broomhead, H 
Twyffels, L 
Ozgur, S 

Pat1 RNA-binding proteins, enriched in P-bodies, are key players in cytoplasmic 5’ to 3’ mRNA decay, activating decapping of mRNA in complex with the Lsm1-7 heptamer. Using co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence approaches coupled with RNAi, we provide evidence for a nuclear complex of Pat1b with the Lsm2-8 heptamer, which binds to the spliceosomal U6 snRNA. Furthermore, we establish the set of interactions connecting Pat1b/Lsm2-8/U6 snRNA/SART3 and additional U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP components, in Cajal bodies, the site of snRNP biogenesis. RNAseq following Pat1b depletion revealed the preferential up-regulation of mRNAs normally found in P-bodies and enriched in 3’ UTR AU-rich elements. Changes in >180 alternative splicing events were also observed, characterized by skipping of regulated exons with weak donor sites. Our data demonstrate the unsuspected dual role of a decapping enhancer in pre-mRNA processing as well as in mRNA decay via distinct nuclear and cytoplasmic Lsm complexes.

Pat1b, PATL1, SART3, mRNA decay, alternative splicing
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Cell Reports
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Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/J00779X/1)
Wellcome Trust (092900/Z/10/Z)
This work was funded by a fellowship to CV from the Fondation Wiener – Anspach, BBSRC (BB/J00779X/1) and the Newton Trust (University of Cambridge) to NS, and CNRS PICS and ANR (14- CE09-0013-01ANR) to DW. The CMMI is supported by the European Regional Development Fund and the Walloon Region.