Common NOTCH3 Variants and Cerebral Small-Vessel Disease.

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Rutten-Jacobs, Loes CA 
Adib-Samii, Poneh 
Thijs, Vincent 
Sudlow, Cathie 

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The most common monogenic cause of cerebral small-vessel disease is cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, caused by NOTCH3 gene mutations. It has been hypothesized that more common variants in NOTCH3 may also contribute to the risk of sporadic small-vessel disease. Previously, 4 common variants (rs10404382, rs1043994, rs10423702, and rs1043997) were found to be associated with the presence of white matter hyperintensity in hypertensive community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: We investigated the association of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in NOTCH3 in 1350 patients with MRI-confirmed lacunar stroke and 7397 controls, by meta-analysis of genome-wide association study data sets. In addition, we investigated the association of common SNPs in NOTCH3 with MRI white matter hyperintensity volumes in 3670 white patients with ischemic stroke. In each analysis, we considered all SNPs within the NOTCH3 gene, and within 50-kb upstream and downstream of the coding region. A total of 381 SNPs from the 1000 genome population with a mean allele frequency>0.01 were included in the analysis. A significance level of P<0.0015 was used, adjusted for the effective number of independent SNPs in the region using the Galwey method. RESULTS: We found no association of any common variants in NOTCH3 (including rs10404382, rs1043994, rs10423702, and rs1043997) with lacunar stroke or white matter hyperintensity volume. We repeated our analysis stratified for hypertension but again found no association. CONCLUSIONS: Our study does not support a role for common NOTCH3 variation in the risk of sporadic small-vessel disease.

CADASIL, cerebral small vessel diseases, genetic association studies, stroke, lacunar, Alleles, Female, Gene Frequency, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Receptor, Notch3, Receptors, Notch, Stroke, Lacunar
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Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
Collection of the UK Young Lacunar Stroke DNA Study (DNA lacunar) was primarily supported by the Wellcome Trust (WT072952) with additional support from the Stroke Association (TSA 2010/01). Genotyping of the DNA lacunar samples, and Dr Traylor, was supported by a Stroke Association Grant (TSA 2013/01). Funding for the genotyping at Massachusetts General Hospital was provided by the Massachusetts General Hospital- Deane Institute for the Integrative Study of Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (U01 NS069208). Dr Rutten-Jacobs was supported by a project grant from the Stroke Association/British Heart Foundation grant (TSA BHF 2010/01). Dr Adib-Samii was supported by a Medical Research Council (United Kingdom) training fellowship. Drs Markus and Bevan were supported by the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge University Hospitals Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre. Dr Markus was supported by a National Institute for Health Research Senior Investigator award. Dr Thijs was supported by a Clinical Investigator Grant from the scientific research fund, Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Flanders. Dr Rost was supported by a National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke grant (R01 NS082285-01).