The environmental and social impacts of protected areas and conservation concessions in South America


No Thumbnail Available
Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Abstract

While the main conservation strategy has been the establishment of government-controlled protected areas (PAs), approaches have diversified over the last decades, including devolving management rights to non-government actors, such as through conservation concessions (CCs). This review assesses the environmental and social impacts of PAs and CCs in South America. Recent studies show overall positive environmental impacts, especially reduced deforestation. Meanwhile social impacts remain less studied, but are more diverse and contested. While CCs address some social shortcomings of PAs, they exhibit their own institutional and political challenges. The review highlights a need to broaden the measures of effectiveness and pay more attention to the diverse impacts of PAs and CCs and the factors influencing them, including governance and political aspects.

Description
Keywords
41 Environmental Sciences, 4104 Environmental Management, 44 Human Society, 15 Life on Land
Journal Title
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1877-3435
1877-3443
Volume Title
32
Publisher
Elsevier BV