A new tool for converting food frequency questionnaire data into nutrient and food group values: FETA research methods and availability.

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Mulligan, Angela A 
Luben, Robert N 
Bhaniani, Amit 
Parry-Smith, David J 
O'Connor, Laura 

OBJECTIVES: To describe the research methods for the development of a new open source, cross-platform tool which processes data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Norfolk Food Frequency Questionnaire (EPIC-Norfolk FFQ). A further aim was to compare nutrient and food group values derived from the current tool (FETA, FFQ EPIC Tool for Analysis) with the previously validated but less accessible tool, CAFÉ (Compositional Analyses from Frequency Estimates). The effect of text matching on intake data was also investigated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study-EPIC-Norfolk. SETTING: East England population (city of Norwich and its surrounding small towns and rural areas). PARTICIPANTS: Complete FFQ data from 11 250 men and 13 602 women (mean age 59 years; range 40-79 years). OUTCOME MEASURES: Nutrient and food group intakes derived from FETA and CAFÉ analyses of EPIC-Norfolk FFQ data. RESULTS: Nutrient outputs from FETA and CAFÉ were similar; mean (SD) energy intake from FETA was 9222 kJ (2633) in men, 8113 kJ (2296) in women, compared with CAFÉ intakes of 9175 kJ (2630) in men, 8091 kJ (2298) in women. The majority of differences resulted in one or less quintile change (98.7%). Only mean daily fruit and vegetable food group intakes were higher in women than in men (278 vs 212 and 284 vs 255 g, respectively). Quintile changes were evident for all nutrients, with the exception of alcohol, when text matching was not executed; however, only the cereals food group was affected. CONCLUSIONS: FETA produces similar nutrient and food group values to the previously validated CAFÉ but has the advantages of being open source, cross-platform and complete with a data-entry form directly compatible with the software. The tool will facilitate research using the EPIC-Norfolk FFQ, and can be customised for different study populations.

Adult, Aged, Cohort Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Databases as Topic, Diet, Europe, Female, Food, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nutrition Surveys, Surveys and Questionnaires
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BMJ Open
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Medical Research Council (G1000143)
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/5)
Medical Research Council (G0401527)
Medical Research Council (G0500300)
Medical Research Council (G0800603)
This study was supported by programme grants from the MRC Population Health Sciences Research Network (PHSRN), Cancer Research UK(C864/A8257) and the Medical Research Council (G0401527 and G1000143). NGF was supported by the Medical Research Council (MC_UP_A100_1003); APK is funded by a Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Fellowship