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Modelling Parallel-Connected, No-Insulation High-TcSuperconducting Magnets

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The charging/discharging delays in superconducting coils wound without insulation (NI coils) are a major drawback of the technique. While removing the insulation improves safety margins, the increase in the characteristic time constant τ_c can make a coil unfit for a particular purpose. It is widely accepted for instance that NI coils will not be used in ac applications where τ_c ~ 1/f. To decrease τ_c of the NI coils, the same length of superconductor can be wound/connected in parallel rather than in series — decreasing the inductance L, and hence the time constant τ_c, while maintaining the number of amp-turns I_op*N. Here we investigate the effect of parallel connecting coils in a magnet using a 2D axially symmetric model which captures all the necessary electromagnetic properties of the HTS NI coils. These properties include: critical current anisotropy Jc(B, θ), turn-to-turn conductivity, as well as winding parallelism. Our modeling results show that the parallel connected magnet experiences magnet-wide shielding current effects. Whilst these shielding currents affect field homogeneity — the model enables this effect to be quantified. Furthermore, shielding currents are not an issue when running NI coils in saturated mode. The modeling work presented here provides a simple initial example of how magnet designers may approach designing, optimizing, and operating high current, HTS NI coils.



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IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)


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Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P020313/1)
New Zealand MBIE Endeavour grant no. RTVU1707; NZ Royal Society Marsden Grant no. MFP-VUW1806; EPSRC Early Career Fellowship EP/P020313/1