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Case report: Mutations in DNAJC30 causing autosomal recessive Leber hereditary optic neuropathy are common amongst Eastern European individuals.

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Major, Toby Charles 
Arany, Eszter Sara 
Schon, Katherine 
Simo, Magdolna 
Karcagi, Veronika 


BACKGROUND: Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) is the most common inherited mitochondrial disease characterized by bilateral, painless, subacute visual loss with a peak age of onset in the second to third decade. Historically, LHON was thought to be exclusively maternally inherited due to mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA); however, recent studies have identified an autosomal recessive form of LHON (arLHON) caused by point mutations in the nuclear gene, DNAJC30. CASE PRESENTATIONS: In this study, we report the cases of three Eastern European individuals presenting with bilateral painless visual loss, one of whom was also exhibiting motor symptoms. After a several-year-long diagnostic journey, all three patients were found to carry the homozygous c.152A>G (p.Tyr51Cys) mutation in DNAJC30. This has been identified as the most common arLHON pathogenic variant and has been shown to exhibit a significant founder effect amongst Eastern European individuals. CONCLUSION: This finding adds to the growing cohort of patients with arLHON and demonstrates the importance of DNAJC30 screening in patients with molecularly undiagnosed LHON, particularly in Eastern European individuals. It is of heightened translational significance as patients diagnosed with arLHON exhibit a better prognosis and response to therapeutic treatment with the co-enzyme Q10 analog idebenone.



DNA-J heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member C30 (DNAJC30), Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), autosomal recessive LHON (arLHON), c.152A>G (p.Tyr51Cys), idebenone, mitochondrial LHON (mtLHON), recessive optic neuropathy

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Front Neurol

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Frontiers Media S.A.
Wellcome Trust (109915_A_15_Z)
Wellcome Trust (219615/Z/19/Z)
MRC (MR/V009346/1)
National Institute for Health and Care Research (IS-BRC-1215-20014)
R.H. is a Wellcome Trust Investigator (109915/Z/15/Z), who receives support from the Medical Research Council (UK) (MR/V009346/1), the Addenbrookes Charitable Trust (G100142), the Evelyn Trust, the Stoneygate Trust, the Lily Foundation, Action for AT and an MRC strategic award to establish an International Centre for Genomic Medicine in Neuromuscular Diseases (ICGNMD) MR/ S005021/1. This research was supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre (BRC-1215-20014). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care. RH is part of the PROSPAX consortium under the frame of EJP RD, the European Joint Programme on Rare Diseases, under the EJP RD COFUND-EJP N°825575.