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Improving the safety and tolerability of local anaesthetic out-patient transperineal prostate biopsies: a pilot study of the CAMbridge PROstate Biopsy (CAMPROBE) method

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Gnanapragasam, VJ 
Starling, L 
Leonard, K 
Stone, T 


Objectives: The aim of this study was to pilot the use of a bespoke device (CAMPROBE, the CAMbridge PROstate Biopsy) to enable routine outpatient free-hand local anaesthetic (LA) transperineal prostate biopsies.

Materials and methods: The CAMPROBE prototype was designed and built in our institution. Men on active surveillance due prostate resampling were invited to have a CAMPROBE biopsy as an alternative to repeat transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies (TRUSBx) as part of an approved trial (NCT02375035). Biopsies were performed using LA infiltration only, without sedation or additional analgesia. Patient-reported outcomes were recorded at day 0 and 7 using validated questionnaires and visual analogue scales (VAS). Complications were recorded prospectively.

Results: Thirty men underwent biopsies with a median of 11 cores taken per procedure (interquartile range 10–12). There were no infections, sepsis or retention episodes. Haematuria and haematospermia occurred in 67% and 62% of patients, which are similar to rates reported for TRUSBx. Mean VAS for pain (0–10 scale) was less than 3 for every part of the procedure. All 30 men described the procedure as tolerable under LA. In total, 26/30 (86.7%) men expressed a preference for a CAMPROBE procedure over TRUSBx and a further 3 (10.0%) would have either.

Conclusions: In this small pilot study, the CAMPROBE device and method appears to be a safe, simple and well-tolerated out-patient transperineal replacement for TRUSBx. A major new National Institute for Health Research grant will allow its further development from a prototype to a single use, low-cost disposable device ready for multi-centre testing.



Prostate cancer, diagnostic intervention, patient safety, service delivery, transperineal biopsy

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Journal of Clinical Urology

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Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (IT-LB-0716-20001)
The work presented herewith has been made possible through funding support from Health Enterprise East, The Addenbrooke’s Charitable Trust and infrastructure support through the Cambridge Biomedical Campus.