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Resilience in high-risk adolescents of mothers with recurrent depressive disorder: The contribution of fathers.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Mahedy, Liam 
Harold, Gordon T 
Maughan, Barbara 
Gardner, Frances 
Araya, Ricardo 

Abstract

This study examines the role of paternal emotional support as a resilience promoter in offspring of mothers with depression by considering the role of fathers' mental health and the quality of the couple relationship. Two hundred and sixty-five mothers with recurrent unipolar depression, partners and adolescents from Wales were assessed. Paternal emotional support, couple relationship quality, and paternal depression were assessed at baseline; adolescent mental health symptoms were assessed using the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment at follow-up. Results showed evidence of an indirect pathway whereby couple relationship quality predicted paternal emotional support (β = -.21, 95% CI [-.34, -.08]; p = .002) which in turn predicted adolescent depression (β = -.18, 95% CI [-.33, -.04]; p = .02), but not disruptive behaviours (β = -.08, 95% CI [-.22, .07]; p = .30), after controlling for relevant confounders. The findings highlight that fathers and the broader family system play an important role in enhancing resilience to depression symptoms in at-risk adolescents.

Description

Keywords

Adolescents, Emotional support, Fathers, Maternal depression, Resilience, Adolescent, Child, Child of Impaired Parents, Depressive Disorder, Father-Child Relations, Fathers, Female, Humans, Male, Marriage, Mothers, Resilience, Psychological, Retrospective Studies, Wales

Journal Title

J Adolesc

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0140-1971
1095-9254

Volume Title

65

Publisher

Wiley
Sponsorship
ESRC (ES/S004467/2)
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/N003098/1)
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/L014718/1)
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/J011657/1)