Repository logo

Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Pregnancy-Case Series, Review, and Pooled Data Analysis.

Accepted version

Repository DOI



Change log


Robba, Chiara 
Bacigaluppi, Susanna 
Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi 
Bilotta, Federico 
Sekhon, Mypinder S 


BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) during pregnancy represents an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Approaches to diagnostics and treatment are still controversial, and there are only a limited number of cases described in the literature. Our study examines the management of aSAH in pregnant patients, creating a case series by combining patients from our hospital records with those from the limited available literature. METHODS: Data collected from Addenbrooke's Hospital records and cases published between January 1995 and January 2015 were studied. Chi-square test, exact Fisher's test, and chi-square test for trend were used for analyzing categorical data, while the t-test and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test were used for continuous data. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included. The mean age was 31.47 ± 5.80, and most patients were in their third trimester. A univariate pooled data analysis suggested that the maternal outcome may depend on the mother's age, mother's Hunt and Hess scale score, Glasgow Coma Scale at arrival, treatment modality for the aneurysm, mode, and timing of delivery. However, at the multivariate analysis only the presence of general complications resulted in a significant impact on maternal outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Ruptured aneurysms in pregnant patients with aSAH may be safely secured in a timely manner. The diagnostic and treatment strategy for each of these patients should consider peculiar maternal and obstetric factors and requires a multidisciplinary assessment involving obstetrics, neurosurgeons, and intensivists. Considering the observed statistical power of our series, our findings should be taken with caution and should be supported by further systematic data collection.



Cerebral aneurysm, Delivery, Pregnancy, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Adult, Aneurysm, Ruptured, Female, Fetal Death, Humans, Maternal Death, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular, Pregnancy Outcome, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Young Adult

Journal Title

World Neurosurg

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title



Elsevier BV