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Midbody Proteins Display Distinct Dynamics during Cytokinesis.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

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Authors

Halcrow, Ella FJ 
Diversi, Anna 
Enright, Anton 
D'Avino, Pier Paolo  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4773-6950

Abstract

The midbody is an organelle that forms between the two daughter cells during cytokinesis. It co-ordinates the abscission of the nascent daughter cells and is composed of a multitude of proteins that are meticulously arranged into distinct temporal and spatial localization patterns. However, very little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the localization and function of midbody proteins. Here, we analyzed the temporal and spatial profiles of key midbody proteins during mitotic exit under normal conditions and after treatment with drugs that affect phosphorylation and proteasome-mediated degradation to decipher the impacts of post-translational modifications on midbody protein dynamics. Our results highlighted that midbody proteins show distinct spatio-temporal dynamics during mitotic exit and cytokinesis that depend on both ubiquitin-mediated proteasome degradation and phosphorylation/de-phosphorylation. They also identified two discrete classes of midbody proteins: 'transient' midbody proteins-including Anillin, Aurora B and PRC1-which rapidly accumulate at the midbody after anaphase onset and then slowly disappear, and 'stable' midbody proteins-including CIT-K, KIF14 and KIF23-which instead persist at the midbody throughout cytokinesis and also post abscission. These two classes of midbody proteins display distinct interaction networks with ubiquitylation factors, which could potentially explain their different dynamics and stability during cytokinesis.

Description

Keywords

Journal Title

Cells

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2073-4409
2073-4409

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI AG
Sponsorship
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/R001227/1)