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Adaptation and uptake evaluation of an SMS text message smoking cessation programme (MiQuit) for use in antenatal care.



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Naughton, Felix 
Bowker, Katharine 
Campbell, Katarzyna 
Sutton, Stephen 


OBJECTIVES: To adapt a tailored short message service (SMS) text message smoking cessation intervention (MiQuit) for use without active health professional endorsement in routine antenatal care settings, to estimate 'real-world' uptake and test the feasibility of its use. DESIGN: Single-site service evaluation. SETTING: A Nottinghamshire (UK) antenatal clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women accessing the antenatal clinic (N=1750) over 6 months. INTERVENTION: A single-sheet A5 leaflet provided in the women's maternity notes folder describing the MiQuit text service. Similar materials were left on clinic desks and noticeboards. OUTCOME MEASURES: MiQuit activation requests and system interactions were logged for two time frames: 6 months (strict) and 8 months (extended). Local hospital data were used to estimate the denominator of pregnant smokers exposed to the materials. RESULTS: During the strict and extended time frames, 13 and 25 activation requests were received, representing 3% (95% CI 2% to 5%) and 4% (95% CI 3% to 6%) of estimated smokers, respectively. Only 11 (44%) of the 25 requesting activation sent a correctly formatted initiation text. Of those activating MiQuit, and invited to complete tailoring questions (used to tailor support), 6 (67%) completed all 12 questions by text or website and 5 (56%) texted a quit date to the system. Of the 11 activating MiQuit, 5 (45%, 95% CI 21% to 72%) stopped the programme prematurely. CONCLUSIONS: A low-intensity, cheap cessation intervention promoted at very low cost, resulted in a small but potentially impactful uptake rate by pregnant smokers.



pregnancy, service evaluation, smoking cessation, text message, England, Female, Health Promotion, Humans, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Pregnancy, Prenatal Care, Smoking Cessation, Text Messaging

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BMJ Open

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This work was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Programme Grants for Health Research scheme (grant reference RP-PG-0109-10020). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.