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Transparency, Governance and Regulation of Algorithmic Tools Deployed in the Criminal Justice System: A UK Case Study

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We present a survey of tools used in the criminal justice system in the UK in three categories: data infrastructure, data analysis, and risk prediction. Many tools are currently in deployment, offering potential benefits, including improved efficiency and consistency. However, there are also important concerns. Transparent information about these tools, their purpose, how they are used, and by whom is difficult to obtain. Even when information is available, it is often insufficient to enable a satisfactory evaluation. More work is needed to establish governance mechanisms to ensure that tools are deployed in a transparent, safe and ethical way. We call for more engagement with stakeholders and greater documentation of the intended goal of a tool, how it will achieve this goal compared to other options, and how it will be monitored in deployment. We highlight additional points to consider when evaluating the trustworthiness of deployed tools and make concrete proposals for policy.



cs.CY, cs.CY

Journal Title

AIES 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society

Conference Name

AIES '22: AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


EPSRC (EP/V025279/1)