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Redshifted Iron Emission and Absorption Lines in the Chandra X-Ray Spectrum of Centaurus A

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Peer-reviewed

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Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pCen A hosts the closest active galactic nucleus to the Milky Way, which makes it an ideal target for investigating the dynamical processes in the vicinity of accreting supermassive black holes. In this paper, we present 14 Chandra HETGS spectra of the nucleus of Cen A that were observed throughout 2022. We compared them with each other, and contrasted them against the two previous Chandra HETGS spectra from 2001. This enabled an investigation into the spectral changes occurring on timescales of months and 21 years. All Chandra spectra could be well fitted by an absorbed power law with a strong and narrow Fe Kjats:italicα</jats:italic> line, a leaked power-law feature at low energies, and Si and S Kjats:italicα</jats:italic> lines that could not be associated with the central engine. The flux of the continuum varied by a factor of 2.74 ± 0.05 over the course of the observations, whereas the Fe line only varied by 18.8% ± 8.8%. The photon index increased over 21 years, and the hydrogen column density varied significantly within a few months as well. The Fe Kjats:italicα</jats:italic> line was found at a lower energy than expected from the Cen A redshift, amounting to an excess velocity of jats:inline-formula jats:tex-math

</jats:tex-math> <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" overflow="scroll"> mml:msubsup mml:mrow mml:mn326</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> mml:mrow mml:mo−</mml:mo> mml:mn94</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> mml:mrow mml:mo+</mml:mo> mml:mn84</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> <mml:mspace width="0.25em" /> mml:mikm</mml:mi> <mml:mspace width="0.25em" /> mml:msup mml:mrow <mml:mi mathvariant="normal">s</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> mml:mrow mml:mo−</mml:mo> mml:mn1</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> </mml:math> <jats:inline-graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="apjad1107ieqn1.gif" xlink:type="simple" /> </jats:inline-formula> relative to Cen A. We investigated warped accretion disks, bulk motion, and outflows as possible explanations of this shift. The spectra also featured ionized absorption lines from Fe jats:scxxv</jats:sc> and Fe jats:scxxvi</jats:sc>, describing a variable inflow.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

5101 Astronomical Sciences, 51 Physical Sciences

Journal Title

Astrophysical Journal

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0004-637X
1538-4357

Volume Title

961

Publisher

American Astronomical Society