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Byzantine plate and Frankish mines: the provenance of silver in north-west European coinage during the Long Eighth Century (c. 660–820)

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Merkel, Stephen W 
D'Imporzano, Paolo 
Naismith, Rory 

Abstract

jats:pThe late seventh-century introduction of silver coinage marked a transformation in the economy of north-west Europe, yet the source(s) of the silver bullion behind this change remains uncertain. Here, the authors use combined lead isotope and trace element analysis of 49 coins from England, Frisia and Francia to provide new insights into north-European silver sources during the ‘long eighth century’ (jats:italicc</jats:italic>. AD 660–820). The results indicate an early reliance on recycled Byzantine silver plate, followed by a shift jats:italicc</jats:italic>. AD 750 to newly mined metal from Francia. This change indicates the strong role of the Carolingian state in the control of metal sources and economic structures across the North Sea zone.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

4301 Archaeology, 4303 Historical Studies, 43 History, Heritage and Archaeology

Journal Title

Antiquity

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0003-598X
1745-1744

Volume Title

Publisher

Antiquity Publications
Sponsorship
AHRC (AH/S005498/1)
ERC