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Multiwavelength study of 20 jets that emanate from the periphery of active regions

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Mulay, SM 
Tripathi, D 
Zanna, GD 


We present a multiwavelength analysis of 20 EUV jets which occurred at the periphery of active regions close to sunspots. We discuss the physical parameters of the jets and their relation with other phenomena such as H alpha surges, nonthermal type III radio bursts and hard X-ray emission. Using AIA wavelength channels sensitive to coronal temperatures, we studied the temperature distribution in the jets using the line-of-sight Differential Emission Measure technique. We also investigated the role of the photospheric magnetic field using the LOS magnetogram data from the HMI. The lifetime of jets range from 5 to 39 minutes with an average of 18 minutes and their velocities range from 87 to 532 km/s with an average of 271 km/s. Most of the jets are co-temporal with nonthermal type III radio bursts observed by the Wind/WAVES spacecraft. We confirm the source region of these bursts using the Potential Field Source Surface technique. 10 out of 20 events showed that the jets originated in a region of flux cancellation and 6 jets in a region of flux emergence. 4 events showed flux emergence and then cancellation during the jet evolution. DEM analyses showed that for most of the spires of the jets, the DEM peaked at around log T [K] = 6.2/6.3. In addition, we derived an emission measure and a lower limit of electron density at the location of the spire and the footpoint. These results are in agreement with those obtained earlier by studying individual active region jets. The observation of flux cancellation, the association with HXR emission and emission of nonthermal type III radio bursts, suggest that the initiation and therefore, heating is taking place at the base of the jet. This is also supported by the high temperature plasma revealed by the DEM analysis in the jet footpoint. Our results provide substantial constraints for theoretical modeling of the jets and their thermodynamic nature.



Sun: corona, Sun: atmosphere, Sun: transition region, Sun: UV radiation

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Astronomy and Astrophysics

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EDP Sciences
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/L000636/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (PP/E004857/2)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/J00054X/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/P000843/1)
Part of the work was done when one of the authors (SMM) was a Junior Research Fellow at Inter-University Centre of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), India. S.M.M. and D.T. acknowledge support from DST under the Fast Track Scheme (SERB/F/3369/2012/2013). S.M.M. also ackowledges support from the Cambridge Trust, University of Cambridge, UK. H.E.M. and G.D.Z. acknowledge the support of STFC. AIA data are courtesy of SDO (NASA) and the AIA consortium. RHESSI work is supported by NASA contract NAS 5-98033. The authors thank the open data policy of WIND/WAVES instrument team. This work utilizes data obtained by the Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) Program, managed by the National Solar Observatory, which is operated by AURA, Inc. under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The data were acquired by instruments operated by the Big Bear Solar Observatory, High Altitude Observatory, Learmonth Solar Observatory, Udaipur Solar Observatory, Instituto de AstrofÃŋsica de Canarias, and Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory.