HAR1: an insight into lncRNA genetic evolution


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Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a wide range of functions in health and disease, but many remain uncharacterized because of their complex expression patterns and structures. The genetic loci encoding lncRNAs can be subject to accelerated evolutionary changes within the human lineage. HAR1 is a region that has a significantly altered sequence compared to other primates and is a component of two overlapping lncRNA loci, HAR1A and HAR1B. Although the functions of these lncRNAs are unknown, they have been associated with neurological disorders and cancer. Here, we explore the current state of understanding of evolution in human lncRNA genes, using the HAR1 locus as the case study.

Description
Keywords
Review, DNA conservation, genetic evolution, HAR1, lncRNAs, molecular structure
Journal Title
Epigenomics
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1750-1911
1750-192X
Volume Title
0
Publisher
Future Medicine Ltd
Rights
Embargo: starts 2021-10-22, ends 2022-10-22, duration 12 months from publication.