Exploring the Radio Spectral Energy Distribution of the Ultraluminous Radio-quiet Quasar SDSS J0100+2802 at Redshift 6.3

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jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pWe report deep Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations of the optically ultraluminous and radio-quiet quasar SDSS J010013.02+280225.8 (hereafter J0100+2802) at redshift jats:italicz</jats:italic> = 6.3. We detected the radio continuum emission at 1.5 GHz, 6 GHz, and 10 GHz. This leads to a radio power-law spectral index of jats:italicα</jats:italic> = −0.52 ± 0.18 (jats:italicS</jats:italic> ∝ jats:italicν</jats:italic> jats:sup jats:italicα</jats:italic> </jats:sup>). The radio source is unresolved in all VLA bands with an upper limit to the size of 0.″2 (i.e., ∼1.1 kpc) at 10 GHz. We find variability in the flux density (increase by ∼33%) and the spectral index (steepened) between observations in 2016 and 2017. We also find that the VLA 1.5 GHz flux density observed in the same year is 1.5 times that detected with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) in 2016 at the same frequency. This difference suggests that half of the radio emission from J0100+2802 comes from a compact core within 40 pc, and the rest comes from the surrounding few-kiloparsec area, which is diffuse and resolved out in the VLBA observations. The diffuse emission is 4 times brighter than what would be expected if driven by star formation. We conclude that the central active galactic nucleus is the dominant power engine of the radio emission in J0100+2802.</jats:p>

5101 Astronomical Sciences, 51 Physical Sciences
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American Astronomical Society
National Key Program for Science and Technology Research and Development (2016YFA0400703)
National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (11721303, 11991052, 11373008, 11533001)