Machine learning‐based predictions of buckling behaviour of cold‐formed steel structural elements

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Authors
Mojtabaei, Seyed Mohammad 
Becque, Jurgen 
Khandan, Rasoul 
Hajirasouliha, Iman 
Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pDesigning thin‐walled structural members is a complex process due to the possibility of multiple instabilities. This study aimed to develop machine learning algorithms to predict the buckling behavior of thin‐walled channel elements under axial compression or bending. The algorithms were trained using feed‐forward multi‐layer Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), with the input variables including the cross‐sectional dimensions, the thickness, the presence and location of intermediate stiffeners, and the element length. The output data included the elastic critical buckling load or moment, as well as a modal decomposition of the buckled shape into the pure buckling mode categories: local, distortional and global buckling. The Finite Strip Method (FSM) and the Equivalent Nodal Force Method (ENFM) were used to prepare the sample output for training. To ensure the accuracy of the developed algorithms, the ANN models were subjected to a K‐fold cross‐validation technique and featured optimized hyperparameters. The results showed that the trained algorithms had a remarkable accuracy of 98% in predicting the elastic critical buckling loads and modal decomposition of the critical buckled shapes.</jats:p>

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Keywords
4015 Maritime Engineering, 40 Engineering
Journal Title
ce/papers
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
2509-7075
2509-7075
Volume Title
6
Publisher
Wiley