Poly(ADP-ribose) links the DNA damage response to biomineralization


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Abstract

Biomineralization of the extracellular matrix is an essential, regulated process. Inappropriate mineralization of bone and the vasculature has devastating effects on patient health, yet an integrated understanding of the chemical and cell biological processes that lead to mineral nucleation remains elusive. Here, we report that biomineralization of bone and the vasculature is associated with extracellular poly(ADP-ribose) synthesized by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases in response to oxidative and/or DNA damage. We use ultrastructural methods to show poly(ADP-ribose) can form both calcified spherical particles, reminiscent of those found in vascular calcification, and biomimetically calcified collagen fibrils similar to bone. Importantly, inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) biosynthesis in vitro and in vivo inhibits biomineralization, suggesting a therapeutic route for the treatment of vascular calcifications. We conclude that poly(ADP-ribose) plays a central chemical role in both pathological and physiological extracellular matrix calcification.

Description
Keywords
Journal Title
Cell Reports
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
2211-1247
Volume Title
27
Publisher
Elsevier
Sponsorship
British Heart Foundation (via King's College London) (MKJTSIR)
Includes BHF and EPSRC funding.