Magnetic State of Multilayered Synthetic Antiferromagnets during Soliton Nucleation and Propagation for Vertical Data Transfer

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Fernández-Pacheco, A 
Steinke, NJ 
Mahendru, D 
Welbourne, A 

jats:pMagnetic solitons in multilayered synthetic antiferromagnets (SAFs) have been recently proposed as data carriers for vertical data transfer, constituting a promising approach for 3D spintronic systems. Here, the nucleation and propagation of solitons in CoFeB/Ru SAFs are investigated under external magnetic fields by magnetooptical Kerr effect (MOKE), magnetoresistance (MR), and polarized neutron reflectivity (PNR) measurements. By comparing MOKE and MR measurements with macrospin simulations, the key steps of the mechanism behind soliton nucleation, triggered by the surface spin‐flop transition and involving the switching of several layers, are determined. PNR confirms this scenario, and proves the correct propagation of solitons, with their expulsion leading to data inversion (NOT gate functionality). Additionally, the structure of solitons after nucleation is determined, finding them to be achiral under external magnetic fields.</jats:p>

magnetic multilayers, nano-magnetic logic, three-dimensional memory, magnetoresistance, neutron reflectometry
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Advanced Materials Interfaces
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Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/M008517/1)
European Research Council (247368)
This work was funded by EPSRC, including an EPSRC Early Career Fellowship EP/M008517/1, by the Winton Foundation, and by the European Community under the Seventh Framework Programme Contract No. 247368, 3SPIN. Experiments at the ISIS Pulsed Neutron and Muon Source were supported by a beamtime allocation from the Science and Technology Facilities Council.