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Deep-Blue and Fast Delayed Fluorescence from Carbene-Metal-Amides for Highly Efficient and Stable Organic Light-Emitting Diodes.

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Brannan, Alexander C 
Cho, Hwan-Hee 
Reponen, Antti-Pekka M 
Gorgon, Sebastian 
Phuoc, Nguyen Le 


Linear gold complexes of the "carbene-metal-amide" (CMA) type are prepared with a rigid benzoguanidine amide donor and various carbene ligands. These complexes emit in the deep-blue range at 424 and 466 nm with 100% quantum yields in all media. The deep-blue thermally activates delayed fluorescence originates from a charge transfer state with an excited state lifetime as low as 213 ns, resulting in fast radiative rates of 4.7 × 106 s-1. The high thermal and photo-stability of these carbene-metal-amide (CMA) materials enabled the authors to fabricate highly energy-efficient organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) in host-guest architectures. Deep-blue OLED devices with electroluminescence at 416 and 457 nm with practical external quantum efficiencies of up to 23% at 100 cd m-2 with excellent color coordinates CIE (x; y) = 0.16; 0.07 and 0.17; 0.18 are reported. The operating stability of these OLEDs is the longest reported to date (LT50 = 1 h) for deep-blue CMA emitters, indicating a high promise for further development of blue OLED devices. These findings inform the molecular design strategy and correlation between delayed luminescence with high radiative rates and CMA OLED device operating stability.


Publication status: Published


OLED, TADF, carbene complex, gold, photoluminescence

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Adv Mater

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European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (101020167)