Fate of Forearc Lithosphere at Arc-Continent Collision Zones: Evidence From Local Earthquake Tomography of the Sunda-Banda Arc Transition, Indonesia


Type
Article
Change log
Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pA new 3‐D seismic jats:italicP</jats:italic> wave velocity model of the Sunda‐Banda Arc Transition from local earthquake tomography reveals (i) northward subduction of oceanic lithosphere, associated with the convergence of Australia and Sundaland, as a high‐velocity zone extending down to ~200 km depth; (ii) two distinct low‐velocity zones, one immediately above the slab, which is likely a zone of partial melt, and one in the 0–40 km depth range, which is probably a magma chamber associated with active volcanoes above; and (iii) a northerly dipping high‐velocity zone that bisects the two low‐velocity anomalies, which we interpret as an underthrust forearc sliver of continental origin. Based on Hejats:sup3</jats:sup>/Hejats:sup4</jats:sup> measurements from volcanic outflows, it is possible that the magma supply is contaminated by interaction with this forearc sliver as it ascends from the melt region below.</jats:p>

Description
Keywords
tomography, subduction, collision, earthquakes, Indonesia
Journal Title
Geophysical Research Letters
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
0094-8276
1944-8007
Volume Title
47
Publisher
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Sponsorship
Newton Fund (via British Council) (332247832)