Electronic properties of CVD graphene: The role of grain boundaries, atmospheric doping, and encapsulation by ALD

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Van Veldhoven, ZA 
Alexander-Webber, JA 
Sagade, AA 
Braeuninger-Weimer, Philipp  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8677-1647

jats:sec<jats:label />jats:pGrain boundaries and unintentional doping can have profound effects on graphene‐based devices. Here we study these in detail for CVD grown poly‐crystalline monolayer graphene with two significantly different grain size distributions centered around 10–25 μm and 100–400 μm. Although the two types of graphene are processed under identical conditions after growth, they show distinct transport properties in field effect transistor devices. While all as‐fabricated samples showed similar jats:italicp</jats:italic>‐type doping, the smaller grain size type graphene with larger number of grain boundaries exhibit lower average mobility. In order to separate out the effects of grain boundaries and doping from ambient exposure on the transport properties, the devices were encapsulated with Aljats:sub2</jats:sub>Ojats:sub3</jats:sub> by atomic layer deposition. The encapsulation of large grain samples thereby showed drastic improvements in the performance with negligible doping while the small grain samples are largely intolerant to this process. We discuss the implications of our data for the integrated manufacturing of graphene‐based device platforms.</jats:p></jats:sec>

ALD, CVD, field effect transistors, grain boundaries, graphene, mobility
Journal Title
Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
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Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/K016636/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L016087/1)
We acknowledge funding from EPSRC (grant EP/K016636/1, GRAPHTED). Z.A.V.V. acknowledges funding from ESPRC grant EP/L016087/1. J.A.A.-W. acknowledges a Research Fellowship from Churchill College, Cambridge.