Shallow Whole-Genome Sequencing from Plasma Identifies FGFR1 Amplified Breast Cancers and Predicts Overall Survival.

Change log
Bourrier, Chantal 
Pierga, Jean-Yves 
Xuereb, Laura 
Salaun, Hélène 
Proudhon, Charlotte  ORCID logo

Background: Focal amplification of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) defines a subgroup of breast cancers with poor prognosis and high risk of recurrence. We sought to demonstrate the potential of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) analysis to evaluate FGFR1 copy numbers from a cohort of 100 metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients. Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples were screened for FGFR1 amplification by FISH, and positive cases were confirmed with a microarray platform (OncoscanTM). Subsequently, cfDNA was evaluated by two approaches, i.e., mFAST-SeqS and shallow whole-genome sequencing (sWGS), to estimate the circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) allele fraction (AF) and to evaluate the FGFR1 status. Results: Tissue-based analyses identified FGFR1 amplifications in 20/100 tumors. All cases with a ctDNA AF above 3% (n = 12) showed concordance for FGFR1 status between tissue and cfDNA. In one case, we were able to detect a high-level FGFR1 amplification, although the ctDNA AF was below 1%. Furthermore, high levels of ctDNA indicated an association with unfavorable prognosis based on overall survival. Conclusions: Screening for FGFR1 amplification in ctDNA might represent a viable strategy to identify patients eligible for treatment by FGFR inhibition, and mBC ctDNA levels might be used for the evaluation of prognosis in clinical drug trials.

FGFR1, breast Cancer, clinical trials, ctDNA, liquid biopsy, sWGS
Journal Title
Cancers (Basel)
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title