Parton distributions from high-precision collider data

Change log
Collaboration, TNNPDF 
Ball, RD 
Bertone, V 
Carrazza, S 
Debbio, LD 

We present a new set of parton distributions, NNPDF3.1, which updates NNPDF3.0, the first global set of PDFs determined using a methodology validated by a closure test. The update is motivated by recent progress in methodology and available data, and involves both. On the methodological side, we now parametrize and determine the charm PDF alongside the light quarks and gluon ones, thereby increasing from seven to eight the number of independent PDFs. On the data side, we now include the D0 electron and muon W asymmetries from the final Tevatron dataset, the complete LHCb measurements of W and Z production in the forward region at 7 and 8 TeV, and new ATLAS and CMS measurements of inclusive jet and electroweak boson production. We also include for the first time top-quark pair differential distributions and the transverse momentum of the Z bosons from ATLAS and CMS. We investigate the impact of parametrizing charm and provide evidence that the accuracy and stability of the PDFs are thereby improved. We study the impact of the new data by producing a variety of determinations based on reduced datasets. We find that both improvements have a significant impact on the PDFs, with some substantial reductions in uncertainties, but with the new PDFs generally in agreement with the previous set at the one sigma level. The most significant changes are seen in the light-quark flavor separation, and in increased precision in the determination of the gluon. We explore the implications of NNPDF3.1 for LHC phenomenology at Run II, compare with recent LHC measurements at 13 TeV, provide updated predictions for Higgs production cross-sections and discuss the strangeness and charm content of the proton in light of our improved dataset and methodology. The NNPDF3.1 PDFs are delivered for the first time both as Hessian sets, and as optimized Monte Carlo sets with a compressed number of replicas.

hep-ph, hep-ph, hep-ex
Journal Title
European Physical Journal C
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Springer Nature
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/J000434/1)
Royal Society (DH150088)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/L000385/1)
V. B., N. H., J. R., L. R. and E. S. are supported by an European Research Council Starting Grant “PDF4BSM”. R. D. B. and L. D. D. are supported by the UK STFC grants ST/L000458/1 and ST/P000630/1. L. D. D. is supported by the Royal Society, Wolfson Research Merit Award, grant WM140078. S. F. is supported by the European Research Council under the Grant Agreement 740006NNNPDFERC-2016-ADG/ERC-2016-ADG. E. R. N. is supported by the UK STFC grant ST/M003787/1. S. C. is supported by the HICCUP ERC Consolidator grant (614577). M. U. is supported by a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Research Fellowship and partially supported by the STFC grant ST/L000385/1. S. F and Z. K. are supported by the Executive Research Agency (REA) of the European Commission under the Grant Agreement PITN-GA-2012-316704 (HiggsTools). A. G. is supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 659128-NEXTGENPDF.