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Tailoring Interlayer Charge Transfer Dynamics in 2D Perovskites with Electroactive Spacer Molecules.

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Van Gompel, Wouter TM  ORCID logo
Zhang, Youcheng 
Ghosh, Pratyush 


The family of hybrid organic-inorganic lead-halide perovskites are the subject of intense interest for optoelectronic applications, from light-emitting diodes to photovoltaics to X-ray detectors. Due to the inert nature of most organic molecules, the inorganic sublattice generally dominates the electronic structure and therefore the optoelectronic properties of perovskites. Here, we use optically and electronically active carbazole-based Cz-Ci molecules, where Ci indicates an alkylammonium chain and i indicates the number of CH2 units in the chain, varying from 3 to 5, as cations in the two-dimensional (2D) perovskite structure. By investigating the photophysics and charge transport characteristics of (Cz-Ci)2PbI4, we demonstrate a tunable electronic coupling between the inorganic lead-halide and organic layers. The strongest interlayer electronic coupling was found for (Cz-C3)2PbI4, where photothermal deflection spectroscopy results remarkably reveal an organic-inorganic charge transfer state. Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy measurements demonstrate ultrafast hole transfer from the photoexcited lead-halide layer to the Cz-Ci molecules, the efficiency of which increases by varying the chain length from i = 5 to i = 3. The charge transfer results in long-lived carriers (10-100 ns) and quenched emission, in stark contrast to the fast (sub-ns) and efficient radiative decay of bound excitons in the more conventional 2D perovskite (PEA)2PbI4, in which phenylethylammonium (PEA) acts as an inert spacer. Electrical charge transport measurements further support enhanced interlayer coupling, showing increased out-of-plane carrier mobility from i = 5 to i = 3. This study paves the way for the rational design of 2D perovskites with combined inorganic-organic electronic properties through the wide range of functionalities available in the world of organics.



3403 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry, 34 Chemical Sciences, 3406 Physical Chemistry

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J Am Chem Soc

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American Chemical Society (ACS)
Royal Society (UF150033)
European Research Council (756962)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (957513)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/S030638/1)
EPSRC (EP/T02030X/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/V027131/1)