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Injectable Thermosensitive Nanocomposites Based on Poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) and Silica Particles for Localized Release of Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Drugs.

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Borra, Ricardo C 
Camargo, Emerson R 


The systemic delivery of drugs employed by conventional methods has shown to be less effective than a localized delivery system. Many drugs have the effectiveness reduced by fast clearance, increasing the amount required for an efficient treatment. One way to overcome this drawback is through the use of thermoresponsive polymers that undergo a sol-gel transition at physiological temperature, allowing their injection directly in the desired site. In this work, thermosensitive nanocomposites based on poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) and silica particles with 80 and 330 nm were synthesized to be employed as delivery systems for hydrophobic (naringin) and hydrophilic (doxorubicin hydrochloride) drugs. The insertion of SiO2 increased the rheological properties of the nanocomposite at 37 °C, which helps to prevent its diffusion away from the site of injection. The synthesized materials were also able to control the drug release for a period of 7 days under physiological conditions. Due to its higher hydrophobicity and better interaction with the PNVCL matrix, naringin presented a more controlled release. The Korsmeyer-Peppas model indicated different release mechanisms for each drug. At last, a preliminary in vitro study of DOX-loaded nanocomposites cultured with L929 and MB49 cells showed negligible toxic effects on healthy cells and better efficient inhibition of carcinoma cells.



Silicon Dioxide, Drug Carriers, Doxorubicin, Temperature, Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions, Nanocomposites, Drug Delivery Systems

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American Chemical Society (ACS)
Funda??o de Amparo ? Pesquisa do Estado de S?o Paulo (2013/07296-2)
Funda??o de Amparo ? Pesquisa do Estado de S?o Paulo (2013/25663-2)
Funda??o de Amparo ? Pesquisa do Estado de S?o Paulo (2018/12871-0)
Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior (NA)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cient?fico e Tecnol?gico (NA)