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Preparing the Next Generation for STEM: Adolescent Profiles Encompassing Math and Science Motivation and Interpersonal Skills and Their Associations With Identity and Belonging.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Type

Article

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Authors

McGuire, Luke 
Mathews, Channing 
Law, Fidelia 

Abstract

Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) workers need both motivation and interpersonal skills in STEM disciplines. The aims of the study were to identify clusters of adolescents who vary in math and science motivation and interpersonal skills and to explore what factors are related to membership in a high math and science motivation and interpersonal skills cluster. Participants included 467 adolescents (312 female; Mage = 15.12 to SD = 1.71 year) recruited from out-of-school STEM programs in the US and UK. Findings from latent class analyses revealed four clusters, including a "High Math and Science Motivation and Interpersonal Skills" group, as well as groups that exhibited lower levels of either motivation or interpersonal skills. STEM program belonging, and STEM identity are related to membership in the high motivation and skills cluster. Findings provide insight into factors that may encourage motivation and interpersonal skills in adolescents, preparing them for STEM workforce entry.

Description

Peer reviewed: True


Funder: Economic and Social Research Council; FundRef: https://doi.org/10.13039/501100000269

Keywords

adolescence, latent class analysis, math, science, social competence

Journal Title

Youth Soc

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0044-118X
1552-8499

Volume Title

55

Publisher

SAGE Publications
Sponsorship
Wellcome Trust (206259/Z/17/Z)
National Science Foundation (DRL-1831593)