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Embryo development is impaired by sperm mitochondrial-derived ROS.

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Mateo-Otero, Yentel  ORCID logo
Llavanera, Marc 
Torres-Garrido, Marc 
Yeste, Marc 


BACKGROUND: Basal energetic metabolism in sperm, particularly oxidative phosphorylation, is known to condition not only their oocyte fertilising ability, but also the subsequent embryo development. While the molecular pathways underlying these events still need to be elucidated, reactive oxygen species (ROS) could have a relevant role. We, therefore, aimed to describe the mechanisms through which mitochondrial activity can influence the first stages of embryo development. RESULTS: We first show that embryo development is tightly influenced by both intracellular ROS and mitochondrial activity. In addition, we depict that the inhibition of mitochondrial activity dramatically decreases intracellular ROS levels. Finally, we also demonstrate that the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration positively influences sperm DNA integrity, most likely because of the depletion of intracellular ROS formation. CONCLUSION: Collectively, the data presented in this work reveals that impairment of early embryo development may result from the accumulation of sperm DNA damage caused by mitochondrial-derived ROS.



Cyanide, Embryo development, Mitochondrial respiration, Oocyte fertilisation, Oxidative phosphorylation, Sperm metabolism, electron transport chain, Male, Humans, Reactive Oxygen Species, Semen, Mitochondria, Spermatozoa, Embryonic Development, Oxidative Stress

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Biol Res

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC