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Liquefaction analysis of soil plugs within large diameter monopiles using numerical modelling

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Español-Espinel, Carlos  ORCID logo
Madabhushi, Gopal SP  ORCID logo


jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pSoil plug formation in open-ended piles due to pile driving is a widely studied phenomenon in onshore applications. The narrow diameters of traditional onshore piles ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 m facilitate plug generation during installation and transfer of enhanced confining stresses across the whole body of the soil plug. Offshore wind monopiles with larger diameters and smaller aspect ratios may not enhance confining stress within the soil plug as effectively as their onshore counterparts. Monopiles are currently the most widespread foundation in the offshore wind sector including in seismic areas. Earthquake shaking can lead to accumulation of excess pore pressure and subsequent liquefaction of the soil retained inside the plug. This research investigates the influence of monopile diameter and confining stress on the development of earthquake-induced excess pore pressure within the soil plug using fully coupled time domain Finite Element Analysis. The results presented in this paper reveal lower accumulation of earthquake-induced excess pore pressure in soil plugs subjected to confining stress. However, the influence of additional horizontal stress caused by monopile driving on the generation of excess pore pressure within the soil plug diminishes as the monopile diameter is progressively increased.</jats:p>



Soil plug, Monopiles, Earthquakes, Liquefaction, Confining stress

Journal Title

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

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EPSRC (2481978)