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DNA Repair Biomarker for Lung Cancer Risk and its Correlation With Airway Cells Gene Expression.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Paz-Elizur, Tamar 
Leitner-Dagan, Yael 
Meyer, Kerstin B 
Markus, Barak 
Giorgi, Federico M 

Abstract

Background: Improving lung cancer risk assessment is required because current early-detection screening criteria miss most cases. We therefore examined the utility for lung cancer risk assessment of a DNA Repair score obtained from OGG1, MPG, and APE1 blood tests. In addition, we examined the relationship between the level of DNA repair and global gene expression. Methods: We conducted a blinded case-control study with 150 non-small cell lung cancer case patients and 143 control individuals. DNA Repair activity was measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and the transcriptome of nasal and bronchial cells was determined by RNA sequencing. A combined DNA Repair score was formed using logistic regression, and its correlation with disease was assessed using cross-validation; correlation of expression to DNA Repair was analyzed using Gene Ontology enrichment. Results: DNA Repair score was lower in case patients than in control individuals, regardless of the case's disease stage. Individuals at the lowest tertile of DNA Repair score had an increased risk of lung cancer compared to individuals at the highest tertile, with an odds ratio (OR) of 7.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0 to 17.5; P < .001), and independent of smoking. Receiver operating characteristic analysis yielded an area under the curve  of 0.89 (95% CI = 0.82 to 0.93). Remarkably, low DNA Repair score correlated with a broad upregulation of gene expression of immune pathways in patients but not in control individuals. Conclusions: The DNA Repair score, previously shown to be a lung cancer risk factor in the Israeli population, was validated in this independent study as a mechanism-based cancer risk biomarker and can substantially improve current lung cancer risk prediction, assisting prevention and early detection by computed tomography scanning.

Description

Keywords

32 Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, 3211 Oncology and Carcinogenesis, Clinical Research, Genetics, Lung Cancer, Cancer, Lung, Prevention, 4.4 Population screening, 4.1 Discovery and preclinical testing of markers and technologies, 4.2 Evaluation of markers and technologies, Respiratory, Cancer, 3 Good Health and Well Being

Journal Title

JNCI Cancer Spectrum

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2515-5091
2515-5091

Volume Title

4

Publisher

Oxford University Press
Sponsorship
Cancer Research Uk (None)
Weizmann Institute of Science (unknown)
Cancer Research UK (C20/A16967)
This work was funded by grants from NIH/NCI/EDRN (#1 U01 CA111219), the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute, Florida, the Mike Rosenbloom Foundation and Weizmann Institute of Science to ZL and TPE; and by grants from Cancer Research UK to BP and to the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Centre; and by a UK National Institute for Health Research Senior Fellowship to BP; and by the Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre and the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Centre to RCR. Volunteer participant recruitment through the Cambridge Bioresource was funded by the Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre.